How to Find Your Vocal Range

how to find your vocal rangeFinding your vocal range is an important step for all the singers. Some of the great singers have nearly four octaves! most of the singers don’t possess that kind of ability. Most people have between 1.5 and 2 octaves in their natural or modal voice. with a few easy steps, you can easily find your vocal range.

Types of Vocal Range:

Though everyone’s range is specific to their voice, most of the vocal ranges are categorized within 6 common voice types: Bass, Baritone, Tenor, Alto, Mezzo-Soprano, and Soprano. If you are a singer you’re probably pretty familiar with these ranges. If you haven’t, you may have wondered which voice “type” fits you. your vocal range is the lowest note you can sing to the highest note you can sing. sing higher to find your vocal range


  •  The bass is the lowest singing range
  • Typically lies between E2 to E4 In the lower and upper extremes of the bass voice
  • some basses can sing from C2 to G4.
    how to find your vocal range


  • The baritone is the second lowest singing range
  • The “middle” range for men
  • Range: typically A2 to A4
  • might extend down to F2 or up to C5.



  • The “High” range for men
  • Range: typically D4 to A4
  • It generally has greater control over
  • The people who can sing higher than the average tenor are often given the title “countertenor.”


  • It is the lowest type of female voice
  • Range: typically G3 to F5
  • The people who can sing below are often called “contralto’s” and can usually sing in a range similar to a tenor.


  • It is the middle-range voice type for females, overlapping both the alto and soprano ranges.
  • Range: typically A3 to A5


  • It is the highest singing voice
  • Range: typically C4 to C6

Finding the lowest notes:

just locate a piano like an instrument. This is the easiest way to identify your range with the assistance of a tuned instrument that you can play while you sing, like a piano or keyboard. If you don’t have access to any of the physical instrument, download a piano app which will be available in the play store. this is a simple way to find your vocal range

Start by figuring out what the bottom end of your natural range is by locating the lowest note that you can sing comfortably without your voice croaking. and don’t  “breathe” the note; its tone quality should match that of the rest of your chest voice and not have a breathy or scratchy sound. Instead of trying to pull your lowest note, start by singing a higher note on a consistent vowel sound (like “ah” or “ee” or “oo”)
ust start with an easy C4 (middle C on the piano) if you are women, and work your way down the keys, matching each note until you hit your lowest note.  playa C3 on the piano, and go down one key at a time from there if you are a man. the ultimate goal is to find the lowest note you can still sing comfortably. this is one of the best way to find your vocal range.

Sing the lowest note you can, including breathing. Once you find how far your voice can reach comfortably, try to go a bit lower, key by key  Breathy notes that you can sustain count here. Normal and breathy lowest notes may coincide for some singers. For others, they might not.
                    Once you have found your lowest normal-voiced note and the lowest one you can reach, write them down in a piece of paper.

Finding your highest notes:

Find your highest note you can sing in your normal voice. follow the same procedure which we followed in the lowest notes. Start by playing a C5 and work your way up from there, key by key if you were women. Start by playing and matching G3 if you are a man.
You want to find the highest note you can hit without significantly changing your tone quality or natural action of your vocal cords. If you can hear a break or new breathiness in your voice or feel a difference by how your vocal cords are working to produce a note.
Most people use falsetto,  It is a mode in which your vocal cords remain open and relaxed and vibrate much less, to go lighter and higher than they can in their modal register. Now you found the highest note you can sing comfortably, just relax your vocal cords, and see if you can push yourself a little bit higher beyond your normal voice. Use your breathier, flute-like falsetto voice to find the highest notes you can reach without straining. Now you have located your highest notes, write them in scientific pitch notation.                               

Identify your range:

now you have four notes, two low and two high, written in the way of scientific pitch notation. Arrange them in ascending order. and put parentheses around the lowest and highest pitches and a dash in between the middle two. This notation expresses your full vocal range this is simple way to find your vocal range.

                     If your collection numbers reads D2, G2, F4, and B4, the correct notation for your range will be : (D2)G2-F4(B4). Then count the notes between your lowest and highest notes using keyboard.
Every eight notes is considered as one octave. A to A is also an octave. last A will also count as the start of the next octave

Calculate the octaves in your range. Every eight notes is one octave. A to A, for instance, is an octave. However, the last A will also count as the start of the next octave. You can, therefore, determine the number of octaves in your vocal range by counting the total number of notes between your highest and lowest pitches as sets of seven. if your lowest note was E2 and your highest note was E4, then you have a range of two octaves. for someone to have a range of 1.5 octaves in full voice. The reason for the half is because the person could only comfortably sing three or four notes in the next octave for the particular time.
                   The typical ranges for each voice type are : soprano B3-G6, mezzo-soprano G3-A5, alto E3-F5, countertenor G3-C6, tenor C3-B4, baritone G2-G4, bass D2-E4. Your range may not fit perfectly into these standard ranges. Choose the one that fits closest.

              So, if you, for instance, have a range of (D2)G2-F4(A4), you would most likely be a baritone, the most common voice type for men.


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